Breast cancer is one of the most common and feared types of cancer among women, and statistics say that about 14% of cancers are breast cancer. Scientists think that approximately 232,670 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer in 2016.

That’s why it is vey important to start understanding our bodies, especially our breast anatomy and the way it functions, so we can distinguish the abnormal from the normal changes. The breasts consist of fatty and breast tissue, as well as veins, arteries, nerves, and connective tissue that help hold everything in place. The look and function of the breasts change with aging.

  • A lump in the breast is the first and most common sign of breast cancer – 9% of these lumps are benign and confused with cysts. Breast cysts are sacs of fluid in the breast tissue, which are quite common.
  • Regular self-examination for breast cancer can help you detect A LUMP OR THICKENED AREA in either breast or in the underarm area
  • A change in the shape or size of one or both breasts.
  • Pain in either breast or armpit unrelated to your period.
  • Any discharges present when not breastfeeding coming from either nipple (bloody or milky) should be checked by a doctor right away.
  • Dimpling or sunken skin on your breasts, often referred to as “orange-peel,” from similarity of appearance
  • Rashes around your nipple or redness or an enlarged underarm lymph node



This poster is one of the best illustrations that summarize the visible and hidden signs of breast cancer:


12 signs of breast cancer, revealed

  • Hardening
  • Pinching
  • Erosion
  • Red & Hot
  • New fluid
  • Dimpling
  • Puckering
  • Growing vein
  • Nipple retraction
  • Asymmetry
  • Orange skin
  • Invisible lump

The outcome of this cancer strongly depends on the time of diagnosis. This means that it is very important to do self-examination and encourage other women to do so too. This article shows how to do breast self exam at home.