The biggest problem with treating ovarian cancer is the fact that in most cases is too late diagnosed. It seems like the women in Europe are most affected with this terrible disease.

Each year about 250.000 women get cancer. Only half of them live up to 5 years from the day they are diagnosed with cancer. And the reason is because is discovered too late. But, if detected on time even 95% of women can be saved.

Usually the women after 50s are more prone to develop ovarian cancer, but this cannot be strict rule, the disease appear at any age also. The highest rate of ovarian cancer is in developed industrialized countries. Asian and African-American women are at slightly lower risk than women with white skin.


As the woman grows older the risk to get cancer increases.

Ovarian cancer is the second most common gynecological cancer and fifth in American women.

Symptoms and Signs

Sadly but true, there are no early signs for this disease.

This is why this cancer is called the silent killer.

Usually the woman is diagnosed when the cancer is advanced stage.

Here are some symptoms that can be warning signs of ovarian cancer:

Frequent urination or pelvic pressure

Vomiting or nausea

Digestive symptoms such as constipation, indigestion, gases, constipation or a feeling of fullness after a light meal, bloating, abdominal discomfort and cramps.

Lack of appetite


Pain during intercourse

Unexplained weight gain or weight loss

Vaginal bleeding in post-menopausal women

Unexplained changes in the bowel

Swelling or abdominal pain


The exact reason is still unknown. But according to some statistics these women are more likely to get ovarian cancer:

White women, especially in Northern Europe

Women who had breast cancer

Women who have never been pregnant or had children

White women, especially from Northern Europe

Women that are older than 50. Even half of the patients are women over 65.

Women who have a family history of ovarian, breast, prostate, endometrial (uterus) or colon cancer

Women who have never been pregnant or had children

Women who suffered from breast cancer-Women who have a close relative (mother, sister, daughter) diagnosed with ovarian cancer.

Women with genetic mutation in BRCA1 or BRCA2. (This doesn’t mean that every woman with these mutations will get ovarian cancer)


Unfortunately there are no precise tests that can reliably specify if a woman has ovarian cancer in early stage. Various ray procedures, careful bimanual examination and diagnostic laparoscopy can be used.

Transvaginal ultrasound is also used for checking woman’s reproductive organs.

Low GI arrangement or barium bowel purge include using X-rays to highlight other organs. CA-125 blood test is used to indicate the level of CA-125, a tumor marker.

The women have to more aware and to make their gynecologist checkups more often. Since they are genetically predisposed to this disease need to make more tests and protect as much as they can.

Doctors’ advice is to remove the tubes uterus and ovaries to be removed. Also other tissues in the abdomen and pelvis as well as colon parts should be removed in case the cancer has spread. Chemotherapy is done usually after the surgery to stop the cancer to return but in severe cases chemotherapy is done before the operation. If the disease comes back again chemotherapy is used again.